Remote Sensing and G.I. Scientist
I. JOB SUMMARY
Main Topic: Physical Geography
Secondary Topic: Geosciences, Spatial Science, Satellite Science
Overview: Remote sensing and G.I. scientists study the Earth’s features and changes using satellite technology. By using various sensors and devices that detect and measure Earth’s features in quantitative form and then convert them into signals that can be read by instruments and observers. Remote sensing scientists collect, interpret and analyze these data. They store the large amounts of data collected and then share the data in reports and maps. These scientists can apply their technical knowledge in different areas of physical geography such as: cloud and aerosol study, ocean study, carbon and biogeochemistry study, topographic study and climate study etc. They use different remote sensing techniques to accurately measure and determine geographic properties and uncertainties derived from geophysical variabilities. Remote sensing scientists typically work in weather stations, offices or laboratories. However, they also can conduct field work while using drones for collecting data. Remote Sensing Scientists can collaborate with a wide range of academics from different fields such as geographers, geologists, climate scientists and human geographers. The following are examples of remote sensing scientists job titles:
Remote Sensing Technicians collect aerial survey data with topo and bathymetric LIDAR as well as thermal, hyperspectral, and multispectral imagery sensor systems. They also collect ground data using GNSS survey tools, spherical camera and mobile LIDAR mapping systems. They also configure and monitor sensor systems, track acquisition progress and download, process and ship geospatial datasets. They work closely with pilots and survey crews.
Research and Development Scientists conduct and develop novel scientific research projects and facilitate interdisciplinary research collaborations to further scientific inquiry and application of the geospatial sciences. R & D Scientists for Remote Sensing Applications will support all stages of research cycle by addressing variety of complex data-related analytical problems.
Remote sensing analysts work with data collected from satellites, aircraft or drones and use computer software such as statistical analysis software, image analysis software or geographic information systems (GIS) to analyze this spatial data. This process can be used in a wide range of fields such as urban planning, environmental management or even homeland security. Remote sensing is an important sub-field in geography. The process of using data collected remotely and using spatial analysis is something used across the discipline. Remote sensing can be used for a wide variety of applications, so the interdisciplinary nature of a geography background will help a remote sensing analyst complete their task successfully.
Cartographers create graphic representation of spatial relationships on different kinds of maps. They collect and select data for mapping, using data to effectively and efficiently design a map, reading and interpreting the maps. Cartographers can use map information that are direct products of remote sensing. They also conduct data analysis and manipulate and generalize data to facilitate presentation.
Remote Sensing Scientists need to understand the spatial dimensions and links between different remote sensing methods in order to gather information about the Earth’s environment by using aircraft and satellite data. Remote Sensing Scientists’ abilities and tools are useful in vast array of fields and industries from physical geography, human geography and geographic information sciences.
Geographers at work: Physical geographers, Cartographers, Meteorologists, Geologist, Geographic Information Scientists.
Recommended College Courses: Physical geography, Geographic Information Science, Climatology, Cartography, Geology
Skills: Understanding of geographic computer applications and tools such as GIS and Remote Sensing, interpreting and manipulating massive amounts of data to determine the most likely outcomes, mathematics and statistical skills, geographic information systems, spatial skills and thinking and interpretation, computer and database systems, satellite imaging and processing.
Occupation Group: Computer Science, Life, Physical and Social Science
Learn more about similar jobs Remote Sensing and G.I. Scientist from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and U.S. Department of Labor: https://www.bls.gov/ooh/architecture-and-engineering/surveying-and-mapping-technicians.htm
Written by Binay Thapa
II. POWERFUL GEOGRAPHIC KNOWLEDGE