Powerful Geography
Life, Physical, and Social Science – Job Summaries

Life, Physical, and Social Science – Job Summaries

Life, Physical, and Social Science

Employment in life, physical, and social science occupations is projected to grow 5 percent from 2019 to 2029, faster than the average for all occupations, and will result in about 68,200 new jobs. Increasing demand for expertise in the sciences, particularly in occupations involved in biomedical research, psychology, energy management, and environmental protection, is projected to result in employment growth. (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, September 2020).

agricultre science

Agricutural and Food Science Technicians and Scientists

Agricultural and food science technicians assist agricultural and food scientists.

Agricultural and food scientists research ways to improve the efficiency and safety of agricultural establishments and products.

Anthropologists and Archeologists

Anthropologists and archeologists study the origin, development, and behavior of humans.

atmosphere clouds

Atmospheric Scientists

Atmospheric scientists study the weather and climate.

Biochemists, Biophysicists and Biological Technicians

Biochemists and biophysicists study the chemical and physical principles of living things and of biological processes.

Biological technicians help biological and medical scientists conduct laboratory tests and experiments.

scientists looking through microscope
ladies chemists

Chemists and Materials Scientists and Technicians

Chemists and materials scientists study substances at the atomic and molecular levels and analyze the ways in which the substances interact with one another.

Chemical technicians use special instruments and techniques to assist chemists and chemical engineers.

Conservation Scientists and Foresters

Conservation scientists and foresters manage the overall land quality of forests, parks, rangelands, and other natural resources.

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global economy


Economists collect and analyze data, research trends, and evaluate economic issues for resources, goods, and services.

Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Scientists and Specialists

Environmental science and protection technicians monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution and contamination.

Environmental scientists and specialists use their knowledge of the natural sciences to protect the environment and human health.


Epidemiologists, Medical Scientists and Microbiologists

Epidemiologists are public health professionals who investigate patterns and causes of disease and injury in humans.

Medical scientists conduct research aimed at improving overall human health.

Microbiologists study microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, algae, fungi, and some types of parasites.

Forensic Science Technicians

Forensic science technicians aid criminal investigations by collecting and analyzing evidence.

Technology (Google, Apple, Microsoft, Amazon)

Geographers and Geoscientists

Geographers study the Earth and the distribution of its land, features, and inhabitants.

Geoscientists study the physical aspects of the Earth.

Geological and Petroleum Technicians

Geological and petroleum technicians provide support to scientists and engineers in exploring and extracting natural resources.



Historians research, analyze, interpret, and write about the past by studying historical documents and sources.


Hydrologists study how water moves across and through the Earth’s crust.


Nuclear Technicians

Nuclear technicians assist physicists, engineers, and other professionals in nuclear research and nuclear energy production.

Physicists and Astronomers

Physicists and astronomers study the ways in which various forms of matter and energy interact.

satalite and night sky

Political Scientists

Political scientists study the origin, development, and operation of political systems.

Psychologists and Sociologists

Psychologists study cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how individuals relate to one another and to their environments.

Sociologists study society and social behavior.

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groupwork with charts

Survey Researchers

Survey researchers design and conduct surveys and analyze data.

Urban and Regional Planners

Urban and regional planners develop land use plans and programs that help create communities, accommodate population growth, and revitalize physical facilities.

Housing/Urban Development

Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists

Zoologists and wildlife biologists study animals and other wildlife and how they interact with their ecosystems.