Main Topic: Physical Geography
Secondary Topic: Environment and Society
Overview: Ecologists are responsible for furthering our understanding of how natural and human-caused changes in the environment influence the behavior and abundance of species, and how interactions between species and their environment influence the natural world. It is crucial to obtain a solid foundation in areas such as morphology, physiology, genetics, microbiology, zoology, botany, conservation biology, organic and inorganic chemistry, physics, mathematics, calculus, statistics and computer science. Depending on your future area of specialization within ecology, you may also want to have an academic background in such diverse subjects as climatology, economics, geology, mathematical modeling, meteorology, oceanography, sociology or soil science. Typical duties include: Plan and conduct research studies. Estimate the costs and material needs of research studies. Keep detailed notes during research process. Perform thorough analysis of research findings. Publish findings. May act as a consultant to government agencies and non-profit or commercial organizations.
Geographers at work: Physical Geographers, Environmental Geographers
Recommended College Courses: Physical Geography, Geographic Information Systems, Remote Sensing, Quantitative Methods, Environmental Management
Skills: Quantitative Methods, Qualitative Methods, Environmental Management
Occupation Group: Life, Physical, and Social Science
Learn more about Ecologists from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and U.S. Department of Labor